Polish citizenship – the Polish passport ranks among the top 10 most powerful passports in the world. Holding a Polish passport provides a multitude of opportunities, with the most significant being the acquisition of European Union citizenship. As a Polish citizen, you enjoy the following benefits:

  • Polish citizens have the right to live in all EU countries

  • Visa-free travel to more than 170 countries worldwide

  • Simplified procedures for establishing and expanding businesses and accessing official employment in EU countries

  • Streamlined process for purchasing real estate

  • Access to higher education institutions for studies

  • Polish citizens can enjoy various benefits and privileges.

Obtaining Polish citizenship can be achieved through various methods, with the most popular ones being:

  • Having a Polish Card (Karta Polaka) for individuals of Polish descent

  • Restoring Polish citizenship based on Polish ancestry

    It is important to note that while the Polish Card for individuals of Polish descent confirms their affiliation with the Polish nation, it does not automatically grant Polish citizenship or the right to reside permanently or temporarily in Poland, nor does it provide visa-free entry to Poland.

There are two ways to obtain Polish citizenship

Polish citizenship can be granted by the President of Poland

Recognition of Polish citizenship can be obtained

Submitting Documents: When applying to the President
Submitting Documents: The application for recognition of Polish citizenship is submitted to the Voivode.

It is a requirement that:

  • The President does not adhere to any specific conditions that foreign nationals must meet; each case is examined individually.

The most common types of evidence submitted are related to

  • Possession of a Polish Card or having Polish family ties
  • Proof of political, cultural, or sports achievements for the benefit of the Polish state

It is a requirement that:

  • Residents holding a permanent resident status and having this document for at least 3 years
  • An individual who has continuously resided in Poland for 10 years, has an income, and holds permanent or EU resident status
  • A Polish passport is issued to a child born in Poland (if one of the parents is a Polish citizen);
  • Submission of a certificate of proficiency in the Polish language.
  • Other circumstances
If the application is rejected, it is considered unfounded and cannot be appealed An institution can refuse to grant citizenship if it poses a threat to public security or order.
The period for obtaining citizenship is approximately 1 year, although in complex cases, the process may take several years. The period for obtaining citizenship is typically around 3 months, but in particularly complex cases, the process may take several years.

Dual Citizenship in Poland

Dual citizenship is allowed in Poland. If you hold dual citizenship (including Polish citizenship), you enjoy the same rights and responsibilities as individuals with solely Polish citizenship. However, it is advisable to investigate how the concept of dual citizenship is regulated in your country of origin before pursuing dual Polish citizenship, as some countries do not recognize or have restrictions on dual citizenship.

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